When reading a peice of writing, one may tend to make inferences without even noticing. An inference is a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning. The short story "The Interlopers" is a good story to make inferences on. An example quote from this text would be "And a long series of poaching affrays and similar scandals had enbittered the relationships between the families for three generations. The neighbor feud had grown into a personal one since Ulnch had come to the head of his family." It can be inferred from this quote that Ulnch might have killed his feuding neighbors.
 
 
    The plot and structure of a peice of writing are very important. Plot is the sequence of incidents or events through which an author constructs a story. A lot of skilled authors are careful to present the sequence in a significant order. The plot of a story is not the action itself, but the way the author arranges the action toward a specific end.
    The plot of a story always consists of key things or are effected by certain things. There is always a conflict, or a clash of actions, ideas, desires, or wills in the plot of a story. These conflicts include person vs. person, person vs. the environment, and person vs. themself. Every plot also includes a protagonist and an antagonist. The protagonist is the central character in the story. The antagonist is the force against the protagonist. Not every story includes suspense, but it is a great deal of the plot for the stories that do. There are two types of suspense; mystery and dilemma. A mystery is an unusual set of circumstances for which the reader craves explanation. Dilemma is a position in which he/she must choose between two courses of action, both undesirable. The sudden turn in a plot that is unjustified by the situation or characters is
 
 
    There are different types of connotation. Informative connotations are socially agreed upon. These types of connotations have "impersonal" meanings. Affective connotations are auras of personal feelings they arouse. The affect describes a patient or a client's disposition. The effect of a connotation is the emotion around it.
    Positive supposition is linked to connotations. A positive supposition is putting a positive connotation on a phrase to get a better reaction out of someone. Some people use negative connotations on things they say in order to get negative reactions. For example, there is a difference between one saying, "Wow! Your hair looks great, did you do something new?", versus someone saying, "Wow! You look different, did you actually
 

Contexts

10/31/2012

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    A context is the part of a written or spoken statement that precedes or follows a specific word or passage, usually influencing its meaning or effect. A context can be verbal, physical, or social. This is how we learn the meanings of words. The extensional meaning of a word is what points to the physical world. An extensional word can be proven, however, an intensional can't. The true meaning of a word is the way that it is being used right then and there. All the words in a context interact with one another. In order to see if a word fits into a context, we examine and re-examine the cont
 
 
    Any story, fictional and nonfictional, can be affected by its connotation. Connotation is the associated or secondary meaning of a word or expression in addition to its explicit or primary meaning. There are many components that play into a story's connotation. For example, background information about the author may show you why the story has the type of connotation it has. The author's experiences have such an effect on connotation. What time period the author lived in and the time period that the author is talking about effects connotation. The author's ethnicity might also play into a story's connotation. Other things about the author that may play into connotation are the author's age, writing style, personal experiences, country of origin, present home, and attitude towards the audience and the topic.
    The connotation on a peice of writing can be influenced by its subject, word choice, and author's craft. One part of author's craft that could influence the connotation is the mood. Another part of author's craft that effects a writing's connotation is the figuritive language. Rhetorical devices are also parts of author's craft that can play into connotation. Connotation can also be affected by history and the audience. Three things about audience can effect connotation; the intended audience, the actual audience, and the audience's social groups. La
 
 
I am currently reading the book "Language in Thought and Action" by S.I. Hayakawa. In this book, the topic of maps and territories is covered, both literally and metaphorically. Maps and territories are of great use to humanity. The book states that animals and humans both have territories, but only humans are capable of mapping out their territories. this is the literal sense of mapping and territories. However, when we use the terms maps and territories in a metaphorical sense, they take on a different meaning. Maps are the extensional or verbal world. For example, things only exist through what you've heard; they're not really there because you have never experienced them. The verbal world is only what you've heard from others. This is the exact opposite with territories. Territories are your personal experiences. This concept helps shape the way that you look at life and your morals. Both of these concepts, both maps and territories, are ways of looking at situations. When one is "mapping", they are using information that they've heard from someone else. When one is